@ 2014.03.19 , 08:06
46

马航迷雾:何种情况下需要关闭飞机自动应答器

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自从马航370航班失联以来,大众很关心的一个问题就是:为什么允许驾驶舱里的人把自动应答器关闭?

事实上,虽然这个系统是飞机上最重要的联络方式,让航空管制员得以确认并引导飞机航行,但是仍然有很多合理的因素会导致飞行员希望关闭它。

政府部门认为370航班的应答器被人为关闭,以使搜救行动进展缓慢,并且隐藏飞机的所在地点——这架波音777消失10天来都没有人知道它到哪里去了。

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飞行员在航行期间很少会关闭应答器,但是偶尔还是会发生。

——有时候是因为应答器发生故障,会传输错误的信息。
——设备可能短路或者着火。飞行员宁可关闭它也不愿意冒险让火苗蔓延到机舱和飞机的其他部位。
——过去,飞行员在机场地面上通常会关闭应答器,以避免同一地点存在过多信号令航空管制员们难以应对。现在这种情况越来越少,因为飞行员现在使用“移动地图”来记录应答器信息,并告知地面上的其他飞机它们的位置,在机场附近引导它们,避免事故的发生。

《交通安全》杂志主编Andrew Thomas“只要有飞行员在,就能把系统全部关闭。”

飞机有两个应答器。驾驶舱有两个把手——一个在左,一个在右,分别控制两个应答器。当一个应答器开启时,另一个通常处于待机模式。

要关闭应答器,一名飞行员需要多次移动把手,并选中“关闭”模式。第一个应答器被关闭后,第二个应答器并不会自动开启——要使用第二个把手来打开。在马航失联航班上,一个应答器被关闭后,另一个并未被开启。

联合航空退休飞行员,前波音777教练员Ross Aimer说,一名飞行员在不被其他飞行员发现的情况下关闭应答器是有可能的,比如乘其他人在看其他地方或者注意力不集中的时候这么做。

如果飞机仍和空管保持联系,空管人员将警告飞行员应答器信号丢失。但是,航空业咨询公司“航空咨询专家”的高层Aimer称,如果他们与空管失去联系,飞行员可能不会质疑到有人把应答器关闭了。

在马航失联事件中,就连飞行员们都搞不清究竟是谁关闭了应答器。

一架波音737的机长John Gadzinski对同组的飞行员说:“这消息惊得我眉毛扬得比Spock还高——你坐在机舱里开你的飞机,谁会把应答器给关掉啊?”

本文译自 Yahoo News,由译者 Yels 基于创作共用协议(BY-NC)发布。


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TOTAL COMMENTS: 46+1

  1. 大卵野人
    @3 years ago
    2355475

    我觉得这架飞机是找不到了。

    [76] XX [3] 回复 [0]
  2. 2355480

    希望在有生之年能看到事件水落石出。

    [168] XX [0] 回复 [0]
  3. 张起灵
    @3 years ago
    2355481

    我觉得,应该可以找到的,

  4. 2355484

    其实飞行员就是想弄一架飞机自己玩一玩。。。

    [11] XX [1] 回复 [0]
  5. 章鱼
    @3 years ago
    2355485

    应答器正规的行业称呼应该是:应答机。

  6. wikipedia
    @3 years ago
    2355487

    GOOGLE翻译的么,怎么感觉这么不地道

  7. 翼若云
    @3 years ago
    2355488

    到底咋回事?!

  8. 识字不多
    @3 years ago
    2355492

    我就在想,TMD现在不是都在吹嘘科技发达,怎么这么大一架飞机平白无故的失踪好多天,全球这么多国家就是找不到?这要是拍成电影我都会觉得情节太假不想看。

    [165] XX [32] 回复 [0]
  9. 老火汤
    @3 years ago
    2355549

    实情可能是:正机师在家玩模拟飞行玩疯了,然后想尝试用真飞机撸一发,验证他在游戏里设计的航线可以避开所有人。可是他却忘了真飞机没有retry和continue,飞机没油,堕海……

    [17] XX [1] 回复 [0]
  10. 2355550

    是有人藏起来了,这么多天过去了,可能已经拆成零件了。但愿机上乘客能被释放。

  11. 2355552

    开那么大架飞机要找个不让人发现的地方自杀估计很难,肯定另有目的,可能私下已经提出要求只是不知哪国政府不公开而已

  12. 闰土
    @3 years ago
    2355556

    这事越来越邪乎…

  13. 潘小驴
    @3 years ago
    2355568

    热裤好评

  14. 十一哥
    @3 years ago
    2355569

    美国肯定知道就是不说

  15. 2355576

    最可怜的是家属,我们都是打酱油的

  16. 大粪奇
    @3 years ago
    2355581

    不管相不相信,在这个年代还是有飞机像“百慕大三角” 那样的传说一样神秘的失踪了,真是令人费解哈~

  17. 汤圆
    @3 years ago
    2355613

    @十一哥: 然后以此要挟中国在联合国大会上支持制裁俄罗斯对吧?呵呵,呵呵呵。

  18. 月称
    @3 years ago
    2355636

    @识字不多:
    被好莱坞大片洗脑了吧

  19. 安然
    @3 years ago
    2355663

    会不会不是找不到飞机, 是飞机处于“不能被找到”的状态

  20. Nothingbutavoice
    @3 years ago
    2355681

    绝对是illuminati干的事,,,

    2014~2016绝对世界末日,,,

    看katy perry MV里的DARK HORSE,,,,第三站很快就到了,,,

    ILLUMINATI BASTARDS

    [0] XX [14] 回复 [0]
  21. 2355704

    最大可能乘客被杀光,找到的国家不想公开?

  22. wlfzxq
    @3 years ago
    2355713

    @识字不多: 现在整天吹嘘科技发达?拜托你给我找出来谁在吹嘘这方面有多发达了。你电影看太多了吧。

  23. 熊猫大熊猫
    @3 years ago
    2355718

    @Nothingbutavoice: 这位狸屎快醒醒

  24. PassBy
    @3 years ago
    2355726

    这事情正像是这边的一句老话所说“一人藏,万人找”。

  25. 2355735

    @: 全杀光有可能,但是为什么不想?除非是他们自己杀的。但是图什么呢?

  26. 2355889

    躲猫猫新玩法?万一找到两架一样的飞机~上头装着完全一样的两拨人~

  27. 淡淡的蛋蛋疼
    @3 years ago
    2356032

    ATC S模式应答机 飞机上有两部 有且只能有一部在工作为,开关在中立位时两台应答机都关闭。故意关闭的可能性是有的。飞机在正常情况下,ATC,GPS,ACARS都在和地面或者天上沟通。个人认为,777这种飞机是目前跨洋飞行飞机里可靠性最高的,性能是同类机型里首位。就算飞机真的出了问题,ELT系统也会工作,两套ELT一套人工操作,一套见水操作。而且ELT系统在大重力情况下自动激活发射信号。ELT信号里有一组是专门给卫星识别的。飞机只要是摔了,不可能找不到。目前看来肯定是人为问题

  28. 2356123

    你掉的是金飞机,还是银飞机?还是马航的抽风机?

  29. you_know_who
    @3 years ago
    2356148

    飞机绝对是掉水里去了!

    根据奥姆剃刀原则,这是肯定的!

  30. 2356159

    (“▔□▔)/ 求妹纸正面….

  31. 我很单纯
    @3 years ago
    2356161

    每次出事都科普一些知识

  32. 2356173

    MH370没事,俄罗斯证实客机是被美军俘获到印度洋迭戈加西亚海军基地,因为飞机上可能带有生化武器,用于袭击正在召开两会的北京。这消息14号出来的,很多内容都被证实,中国知道,马来西亚知道,美国知道,就是不想让公众知道,怕引起恐慌,所以做了很多掩饰。

    美国手里的核或生化武器别抢走(护送两人被杀),它们上了370航班。美国人知道是什么,中、俄不知道是什么。中国得到了消息,准备把它迫降在海南(降落北京太危险了)。美国人把它拦截到迭戈加西亚海军基地紧急处置。美国海军“俘获”马来西亚航班,俄罗斯“很困惑”

    Posted by EU Times on Mar 14th, 2014   载于欧盟时报,2014.3.14
       A new report circulating in the Kremlin today prepared by the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (GRU) states that Aerospace Defence Forces (VKO) experts remain “puzzled” as to why the United States Navy “captured and then diverted” a Malaysia Airlines civilian aircraft from its intended flight-path to their vast and highly-secretive Indian Ocean base located on the Diego Garcia atoll. 

  33. 2356174

      昨日在克里姆林宫流传一份新报告,该报告由武装力量总参谋部(GRU)的情报部门完成。报告说,防空军(VKO)专家仍然“困惑”于为什么美国海军“俘获并转移”一架马来西亚民航航班,从其原定路线到美海军位于印度洋上迭戈加西亚岛的巨大保密基地。

       According to this report, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (also marketed as China Southern Airlines flight 748 through a codeshare) was a scheduled passenger flight from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to Beijing, China, when on 8 March this Boeing 777-200ER aircraft “disappeared” in flight with 227 passengers on board from 15 countries, most of whom were Chinese, and 12 crew members. 

      按这份报告,马来西亚航班370(与中国南航748代码共享)为马来西亚科伦坡至中国北京的常规客机,在3月8日该波音777-200ER飞机在飞行中“消失”,机上有来自15个国家的227名乘客(多数来自中国),以及12名机组人员。

       Interesting to note, this report says, was that Flight 370 was already under GRU “surveillance” after it received a “highly suspicious” cargo load that had been traced to the Indian Ocean nation Republic of Seychelles, and where it had previously been aboard the US-flagged container ship MV Maersk Alabama.

       值得一提的是,该报告说,航班370早已处于GRU“监控”之下。此前它上面装了“高度可疑的货物”,该货物来自印度洋国家塞舌尔,挂美国旗的集装箱船MV Maersk Alabama号曾停泊于此。

  34. 2356175

       What first aroused GRU suspicions regarding the MV Maersk Alabama, this report continues, was that within 24-hours of off-loading this “highly suspicious” cargo load bound for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, the two highly-trained US Navy Seals assigned to protect it, Mark Daniel Kennedy, 43, and Jeffrey Keith Reynolds, 44, were found dead under “suspicious circumstances.”

       报告说,MV Maersk Alabama号引起GRU怀疑,是因为(后来上马航370的)“高度可疑”货物从船上卸载后24小时内,受命保护该货物得两名高度训练过的美国海军海豹队员(43岁的Mark Daniel Kennedy和44岁的Jeffrey Keith Reynolds)死于“可疑的环境”。

       Both Kennedy and Reynolds, this report says, were employed by the Virginia Beach, Virginia-based maritime security firm The Trident Group which was founded by US Navy Special Operations Personnel (SEAL’s) and Senior US Naval Surface Warfare Officers and has long been known by the GRU to protect vital transfers of both atomic and biological materials throughout the world. 

      报告说,这两个人受雇于位于佛吉尼亚的海上安全企业三叉戟集团Virginia分部,该集团由美国海军特种部队(海豹)人事部门和高级军官建立,GRU早已知道他们负责保护世界范围内的关键核、生化材料传递。

  35. 2356176

       Upon GRU “assests” confirming that this “highly suspicious” cargo was aboard Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 on 8 March, this report notes, Moscow notified China’s Ministry of State Security (MSS) of their concerns and received “assurances” that “all measures” would be taken as to ascertain what was being kept so hidden when this aircraft entered into their airspace. 

      GRU“断言”,此“高度可疑”货物在3月8日上了马航370,报告说,莫斯科就此提醒了中国国家安全部并收到“保证”说会采取“一切措施”以弄清楚这里面藏了什么,只要航班一进入中国领空。

       However, this report says, and as yet for still unknown reasons, the MSS was preparing to divert Flight 370 from its scheduled destination of Beijing to Haikou Meilan International Airport (HAK) located in Hainan Province (aka Hainan Island). 

      然而,报告说,因未知原因,中国国安部准备转移370航班,从计划的北京路线到位于海南的海口美兰国际机场。

       Prior to entering the People Liberation Army (PLA) protected zones of the South China Sea known as the Spratly Islands, this report continues, Flight 370 “significantly deviated” from its flight course and was tracked by VKO satellites and radar flying into the Indian Ocean region and completing its nearly 3,447 kilometer (2,142 miles) flight to Diego Garcia.

  36. 2356177

       报告继续说,在进入解放军保护的南中国海区域(南沙群岛)之前,370航班“大幅偏离”其航线并(由航空军VKO卫星及雷达跟踪)飞入了印度洋区域,最终完成其3447公里飞行到达迭戈加西亚。

       Critical to note about Flight 370’s flight deviation, GRU experts in this report say, was that it occurred during the same time period that all of the Spratly Island mobile phone communications operated by China Mobile were being jammed. 

      GRU专家说,关于370航班偏航,特别值得说明的是事件发生时整个南沙群岛的中国移动手机通讯信号都被屏蔽了。

       China Mobile, it should be noted, extended phone coverage in the Spratly Islands in 2011 so that PLA soldiers stationed on the islands, fishermen, and merchant vessels within the area would be able to use mobile services, and can also provide assistance during storms and sea rescues.

       中国移动在2011年扩充了南沙劝导的手机覆盖范围,以方便守岛的解放军战士,渔民,商船使用手机服务,也可在风暴和海事救援方面提供支持。

  37. 2356178

       As to how the US Navy was able to divert Flight 370 to its Diego Garcia base, this report says, appears to have been accomplished remotely as this Boeing 777-200ER aircraft is equipped with a fly-by-wire (FBW) system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface allowing it to be controlled like any drone-type aircraft.

       关于美国海军何以能让370航班转飞到其迭戈加西亚基地,报告说,似乎是通过远程操纵该飞机的电传操控系统(FBW)以替代传统手工飞行控制,使用类似无人机的操控界面。

       However, this report notes, though this aircraft can be controlled remotely, the same cannot be said of its communication systems which can only be shut down manually; and in the case of Flight 370, its data reporting system was shut down at 1:07 a.m., followed by its transponder (which transmits location and altitude) which was shut down at 1:21 a.m. 

      然而,报告说,虽然飞机可以远程控制,其通讯系统可能只能手工关闭;具体到370的情况,其数据报告系统于1:07被关闭,其位置报告系统于1:21被关闭。

  38. 2356179

       What remains “perplexing” about this incident, GRU analysts in this report say, are why the American mainstream media outlets have yet to demand from the Obama regime the radar plots and satellite images of the Indian Ocean and South China Sea regions as the US military covers this entire area from Diego Garcia like no other seas in the world due to its vital shipping and air lanes.

       GRU分析员说,这次事件中仍然“令人困惑”的是为何美国主流媒体还没有要求奥巴马政府提供印度洋和中国南海地区的雷达图及卫星图。美国军队从迭戈加西亚起覆盖这片广大区域远超世界其它海域,由于位于航空、航海要冲位置。

       Most sadly, this report concludes, the US is actually able to conceal the reason(s) for the “disappearance” of Flight 370 as they have already done so after the events of 11 September 2011 when the then Bush regime “disappeared” American Airlines Flight 77 and its 64 passengers and crew after falsely claiming it hit the Pentagon, but which was confirmed by the CNN News Service [see video HERE] not to have happened. 

      报告总结,悲哀的是,美国实际上有能力隐藏370航班“消失”的原因。在2011年9.11事件后,当时的布什政府使美国航空77航班及其64名乘客及机组人员“消失”,声称它击中了五角大楼,但CNN后来确认攻击五角大楼这事没有发生。

  39. 2356181

       Malaysia Airlines Mystery Deepens After Top Disease Experts Rushed To Indian Ocean   Posted by EU Times on Mar 16th, 2014
       A grim report prepared by the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (GRU) on Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 is stating today that within 24-hours of this aircrafts “diversion” to the highly secretive Indian Ocean US military base located on the Diego Garcia atoll, no less than four flights, within the past week, containing top American and Chinese disease scientists and experts have, likewise, been flown to there.
       According to this report, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (also marketed as China Southern Airlines flight 748 through a codeshare) was a scheduled passenger flight from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to Beijing, China, when on 8 March this Boeing 777-200ER aircraft “disappeared” in flight with 227 passengers on board from 15 countries, most of whom were Chinese, and 12 crew members. 
      As we had previously noted in our report “Russia “Puzzled” Over Malaysia Airlines “Capture” By US Navy,” the GRU had previously notified China’s Ministry of State Security (MSS) of its suspicions regarding this flight due its containing a “highly suspicious” cargo that had been offloaded in the Republic of Seychelles from the US-flagged container ship MV Maersk Alabama.

  40. 2356186

       First arousing the GRU’s concerns regarding this “highly suspicious” cargo, this report continues, was that after its unloading from the MV Maersk Alabama on 17 February, its then transfer to Seychelles International Airport where it was loaded on an Emirates flight bound for Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Malaysia, after first stopping over in Dubai, the two highly trained US Navy SEALS who were guarding it were found dead.
       The two US Navy SEALS protecting this “highly suspicious” cargo, Mark Daniel Kennedy, 43, and Jeffrey Keith Reynolds, 44, were found dead under “suspicious circumstances” aboard the MV Maersk Alabama, this report says, further raising Russian intelligence suspicions as they were both employed by the Virginia Beach, Virginia-based maritime security firm The Trident Group which was founded by US Navy Special Operations Personnel (SEAL’s) and Senior US Naval Surface Warfare Officers and has long been known by the GRU to protect vital transfers of both atomic and biological materials throughout the world.
       Upon Flight 370’s departure from Malaysia on 8 March, this report continues, the GRU was notified by the MSS that they were going to divert it from its scheduled destination of Beijing to Haikou Meilan International Airport (HAK) located in Hainan Province (aka Hainan Island).

  41. 2356195

       Prior to this planes entering into People Liberation Army (PLA) protected zones of the South China Sea known as the Spratly Islands, however, this report continues, Flight 370 “significantly deviated” from its flight course and was tracked by VKO satellites and radar flying into the Indian Ocean region and completing its nearly 3,447 kilometer (2,142 miles) flight to Diego Garcia.
       In a confirmation of the GRU’s assertion that Flight 370 was, indeed, flown to Diego Garcia, this report says, satellite transmission data analyzed by US investigators showed that this planes most likely last-known position was in a zone about 1,609 kilometers (1,000 miles) west of Perth, Australia in the Indian Ocean..
       Most troubling to the GRU about Flight 370’s “diversion” to Diego Garcia, this report says, was that it was “nearly immediately” followed by some of the top disease scientists and experts from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDCP) embarking to Diego Garcia on at least four flights.

  42. 2356197

       关于370航班偏航到迭戈加西亚,GRU报告说,最麻烦的是“几乎”立刻跟着来了至少四架飞机,机上是美国疾病控制与方中心和中国疾病控制预防中心的顶级专家。

       As to why both American and Chinese disease experts were taken to Diego Garcia where Flight 370 is now known to be, this report says, has as yet not been answered by either of these governments after repeated Foreign Ministry requests for “explanations and clarification.”

       至于为什么美国和中国疾病专家到迭戈加西亚(370航班所在),报告说,(俄)外交部要求“解释澄清”之后,相关政府至今还没有回答。

       What is to be known, this report says, is that as Malaysia has been forced to admit Flight 370 was, indeed, “diverted” from its flight path as the GRU had previously reported, and as at least 25 nations are now involved in searching for it, it remains a mystery as to what is actually occurring.

  43. 2356199

       现在知道的,是马来西亚被迫承认,370航班如GRU前面说的偏离了原定航线。至少25个国家卷入了搜索,至今实际发生的还是个谜。

       Also known, this report concludes, is that Diego Garcia as a designated ETOPS emergency landing site for flight planning purposes of commercial airliners transversing the Indian Ocean, and as one of 33 emergency landing sites worldwide for the NASA Space Shuttle, it is “inconceivable” that any type of aircraft, let alone Flight 370, can fly anywhere in the Southern Hemisphere without being tracked, monitored and recorded in totality. 

      报告总结,还知道的是迭戈加西亚是为商业航班横跨大西洋时指定的ETOPS紧急着陆点,也是NASA航天飞机在世界上的33个紧急着陆点之一,“不可想象”任何航空器(别说370航班)可能在南半球飞行而没有完整的跟踪、监视、记录。

    【以上情报待证实,仅作参考 】

  44. anatta
    @3 years ago
    2356255

    待叁柒零找到时,家祭无忘告乃翁。

  45. Singleye
    @3 years ago
    2356412

    Spock躺枪_(:з」∠)_

  46. 2447994

    还有消息吗

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